Oh, you noble Stoics, what fraud of words!
Today, Nietzsche tends to be thought of as a depressive nihilist, a man who believed in nothing, and an apologist for the atrocities of fascism--but no description could be further from the truth. There probably are not many men who had more reason than Nietzsche to feel resentful I can think of few instances where an author's reputation is more different from the reality of who he was, what he believed, and what he wrote--perhaps only Machiavelli has been as profoundly misunderstood by history.
There probably are not many men who had more reason than Nietzsche to feel resentful and miserable: Then, during his brief career in the cavalry, he tore several muscles in his side, and while serving as a medical orderly in the Franco-Prussian war, contracted a number of diseases. These incidents would affect his health for the rest of his life, leaving him bedridden and in pain for hours or days at a time.
It would not have been unreasonable to give in to misery and bitterness under such conditions, but on those days when Nietzsche felt well enough to write, he would emerge from his room with renewed passion and vigor, taking long walks in the beauty of the countryside before returning home to labor in producing a philosophy not of misery, but of joy.
Contrary to his reputation, Nietzsche rejected nihilism outright--he thought that if the world does not provide your life with a clear meaning, it is up to you to go out and find one or create onenot to wallow and whinge. Likewise, he spent much of his life railing against the foolishness of nationalism and bigotry--indeed, his famed falling out with the composer Wagner was over the increasingly nationalistic style of music the latter was producing.
So, that being the case, how did he gain such an unfortunate reputation at all? The first reason is that, after his death, his sister took over his estate, and as she herself was a German nationalist and anti-semite as was her prominent husbandshe had a number of her brother's papers rewritten to support these execrable positions and then published them posthumously in his name.
Of course, this couldn't have fooled anyone actually familiar with Nietzsche's works and ideas, as the rewrites were in direct contradiction to his previous writings, but it still fooled many.
The second problem with the interpretation of his work is one that mirrors Machiavelli precisely: It's like reading a book about crime scene investigation and, because it admits that murder exists and describes the methods by which is is done, assuming that it is an instruction book for murderers, when in fact it is the opposite: Both Nietzsche and Machiavelli had a similar approach: For Nietzsche, one of the necessary things we must do to free ourselves from this dominance over body and mind is to recognize that 'good' and 'evil' are just words, words that have been used by the powerful to justify anything they might choose to do--their 'just wars' against the 'evil foe', while that foe invariably preaches the same story in reverse, painting themselves as the hero, while in actuality both sides are motivated by greed and the desire for power.
To say that someone is 'evil' is to say that they have no rational motivation for what they do, that we should not attempt to understand them, but should oppose them without thinking about why.
It's a powerful tool to deny reality, and so, as individuals, if we refuse to accept definitions of what is good or evil as they are handed down by those in power, we will have taken the first step to freeing ourselves from mental tyranny.
This was what Nietzsche meant by 'The Superman': His famous 'Will to Power' is the personal decision to wrest control of your life from those who would seek to dominate you. To be free means being a philosopher.
And this is something I have tried to achieve for myself; but to unwind prejudice and ignorance is a lifelong battle, and I'm certainly grateful to have, in my search, an ally like Nietzsche and the late Nietzsche scholar Rick Roderick. Many have been the days when I felt run down and exhausted, put upon and disrespected by an impersonal world bent on breaking to its will, and at those times, Nietzsche's joyful and witty deconstruction of that ridiculous, artificial world has proven an invaluable comfort to me.
There is no authority who can tell you who you are, no church, no government, no university, no job, and no individual.
In the end, it is up to you to create yourself.Beyond Good and Evil This book, subtitled "Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future," concluded the series of three.
books at the middle of Nietzsche's productive thought, spanning the period from to Beyond Good and Evil. This book, subtitled "Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future," concluded the series of three books at the middle of Nietzsche's productive thought, spanning the period from to Nietzsche says Beyond good and evil is all about Zarathustra, who spoke about overman and eternal return, which then should have to be said beyond good and evil: namely, removed from good and evil, though still quite possibly connected (i.e.
good and evil could still be in Zarathustra's thoughts of overman and eternal recurrence, and could. Aphorisms by author: Friedrich Nietzsche A matter that becomes clear ceases to concern us. Marriage Psychology. Whatever is done from love always occurs beyond good and evil.
By theme: Love Philosophy. Woman understands children better than man does, but man is more childlike than woman. It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what.
cause it's all mabout Nietzsche. Salvar. Nietzsche. Beyond Good and Evil Summary & Study Guide Friedrich Nietzsche This Study Guide consists of approximately 31 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Beyond Good and Evil.